Tommee Tipps

Let’s demystify this breastfeeding lingo, and run you through everything you need to know about latching on while breastfeeding.

What is Latching on in Breastfeeding?

If you’re getting ready for your little one’s big arrival and preparing to breastfeed, you’ve probably heard whispers of ‘the first latch’ or ‘latching on’.

But you may not know exactly what a good breastfeeding latch is, or how to achieve it – after all, you’re new to all this!

So, let’s demystify this breastfeeding lingo, and run you through everything you need to know about latching on while breastfeeding.

What is the definition of latching on?

Latching on is the process of getting your little one to suckle around your nipple and areola so they can breastfeed comfortably.

If your baby is latched on properly, breastfeeding shouldn’t cause you pain and your nipples won't become cracked or painful.

Think of your areola as a target for your baby’s mouth and try to get them right in the bullseye! They should press against this target to trigger the flow of your milk and establish a good breast milk supply.

How can I make sure my baby is latching on right?

Getting the hang of a good breastfeeding latch that’s comfortable for you both can be tricky at first. It can take time and perseverance to get it all going smoothly!

Don’t stress, we’re here to talk you through how to get a good latch:

  • Let baby's head tilt back and brush your nipple against their lips.
  • Try and let your little one find your nipple on their own. Put them in a comfy position where the nipple is close to their mouth and gently guide them there.
  • Direct your nipple slightly above their top lip, and make sure their chin is not tucked down towards their chest.
  • Aim their bottom lip away from your nipple’s base.
  • Their lips should be turned outwards.
  • They should lean into your breast with their chin first, open their mouth wide, and then latch on.
  • Their chin should be firmly against your breast, with nothing against their nose.
  • Baby’s tongue should be able to reach as much of your breast as possible and the areola (the circular, pigmented area around your nipple) should be in their mouth as well.
  • Their cheeks should look rounded as they feed with a good latch.

If you think your baby isn’t latched correctly or if your nipples hurt while nursing, you can slide your finger into their mouth to break the hold they have on your breast. You can then try again and alter your position to achieve a better latch that’s more comfortable.

Don’t forget, it’s not supposed to be painful. You and your baby should be comfortable, and you should be able to see them sucking, swallowing, and breathing.

Signs you have a good breastfeeding latch

Getting the hang of a good breastfeeding latch that’s comfortable for you both can be tricky at first. It can take time and perseverance to get it all going smoothly!

There are some signs to look out for that will let you know if your baby is latched on properly:

  • Their lips should be flared out against your breast and not tucked in like they’re sucking on a straw. Remember, a baby’s gums and tongue do most of the work, and your nipple should be deep into their mouth.
  • You should be able to hear or see them suck, swallow, and breathe in a steady pattern and their chin and nose should be touching your breast, without squashing them.
  • Breastfeeding shouldn’t be painful if everything is going to plan. If you’re experiencing pain in your breasts and especially your nipples, your baby might not be latched correctly and might be irritating your nipples.
  • If your nipples are long and round after feeding, it’s likely that they were able to go deep into your baby’s mouth for a good feed.
  • If you find that your nipple is flat or inverted, your baby may not have been able to get a good latch at that time.

Top tips for getting a correct latch on when breastfeeding

Getting a good breastfeeding latch should become easier with time, but if you’re finding it hard, try giving these breastfeeding latch tricks and tips a try:

  • If you’re struggling with getting a good latch, moving to a quiet place that you find calming can help. If you’re uncomfortable or stressed, your baby probably will be too.
  • Hold your little one close and try using skin-to-skin contact to comfort them if they're feeling frustrated.
  • Chat or sing to your baby as they feed to soothe them.
  • It'll be easier to establish a deep latch if you feed your baby when they're calm and before they get too hungry.
  • Try different breastfeeding positions to find which one works best for you both.

If these tips don’t help and you're still struggling to achieve a good latch or are concerned that your baby may be tongue-tied, consult your doctor or health visitor for advice.

A quick latching on checklist

We know that parents can be very busy and getting a good breastfeeding latch can be a tricky process that can cause extra stress. To help simplify the process, here’s a quick list of things to check for when breastfeeding which indicate a good breastfeeding latch:

  • Breastfeeding your baby is comfortable and doesn’t cause you pain.
  • You can hear or see your baby sucking, swallowing, and breathing.
  • Your baby is resting their chest and stomach against your body.
  • Their head is positioned straight and not turning to the side.
  • Your baby's chin touches your breast.
  • Their mouth is not just open around your nipple but wide around your breast.
  • Their lips are turned out.
  • Their tongue is cupped underneath your breast.
  • As they feed, you may also notice your baby's ears slightly move.

If you’re struggling at all, don't be afraid to ask for help. You can get in touch with your midwife or lactation specialist, and they'll be able to help you out with any breastfeeding-related issues.

Latching on FAQs

How to tell your baby has a shallow latch on your breast

A shallow latch is when a baby isn't opening their mouth wide enough to nurse without causing you any pain. If you’re experiencing a shallow latch:

  • your nipples may be pinched, flattened, and squeezed
  • feeding might be painful
  • you may find that your baby becomes frustrated or makes sucking movements – this is because a weak latch doesn’t allow them to feed properly
  • you may get a pinching feeling in the nipple during feeding
  • your nipples might become sore, cracked, or scabbed

Why is my baby latching on and off?

There are a few reasons why a baby may be latching on and latching off repeatedly. These can include them having gas or trapped wind, going through teething, feeling unwell, or getting distracted by things going on around them when they’re trying to feed.

How do I get my baby to latch on discreetly?

Although breastfeeding in public is nothing to be ashamed of, some parents may want to feed discreetly when they’re out and about.

If you do want to breastfeed discreetly – for whatever reason – wearing a loose-fitting, or specially designed breastfeeding shirt or shawl can help you and your baby achieve a good latch without exposing too much of your breast.