How to Change a Baby's Nappy

Article By
Rob
Published On
19 Jul, 2022
Read Time
6 minutes

Let's be honest, you can probably work out how to change a nappy. But, if the thought of changing nappies is keeping you awake at night or you just need to stop leakage, we can help you out!

Even though there's little that can go wrong when changing a nappy, the truth is, babies need frequent nappy changes - as often as 12 times a day! So, if you want to be prepared and avoid leaks, a nappy that falls off or one that's just not comfortable for your little one, then we've got some simple advice to help.

When to change a baby's nappy

Let's start with the basics. Often is the simple answer for changing nappies.

A wet or dirty nappy is the best time to change. You'll also notice your baby might wee or poop after feeding, so you can get into a routine around your feeding times.

Leaving a wet or dirty nappy on for  too long can cause nappy rash and other conditions which make for a baby with a very sore bum and plenty of tears. So yes, you will be changing a nappy around 12 times a day at first.

The number of changes needed will gradually reduce from around 12 a day to around six to eight as your baby gets older.

You'll either be able to see or smell when your baby's nappy needs to be changed. But as well as seeing or smelling pee or poo, keep an eye out for other tell-tale signs like sagging, dampness inside the nappy, the nappy feeling heavier than usual, or leaking. It's also useful to know that leakage from the nappy may be a sign that it's time to move up to the next nappy size.

What you need to change a nappy

You're going to be changing nappies at home and whilst you're out and about. Whether you're at the changing station at home or reaching into your changing bag, you need the essentials, so you've got everything you need to hand to make the operation fast and effective.

These nappy-changing essentials include...

  • A good supply of clean nappies: Obviously! But don't stock up too much. Nappies come in different sizes, so don't buy too many in small sizes as your baby will grow fast.
  • A changing mat or towel: It's handy to have a folding one for your change mat and something more comfortable at home.
  • Wet wipes, reusable wipes, or cotton wool and warm water: You might want to start with warm water for your newborn and move to wipes at about two weeks old.
  • Nappy cream: This isn't essential, but you may choose to use a barrier cream for your baby's delicate skin to help prevent nappy rash.
  • A spare set of clothes: Don't get caught out with a messy accident and no clean clothes.

How to change a baby's nappy

  1. Start by washing your hands with soap and warm water or using a hand sanitiser.
  2. Lie your baby on their back on a changing mat or towel on the floor. If you use a changing table, be careful and remember to never leave your baby alone on a high surface, even if they're strapped in.
  3. Unfasten the nappy tabs and use the nappy to wipe away as much poop as possible.
  4. Lift your baby's legs by holding their ankles and remove the dirty nappy.
  5. Fold the dirty nappy in half (unsoiled side up) and place it out of reach.
  6. Use warm water and cotton wool, reusable wet wipes, or baby wipes to clean your baby's nappy area. Remember to wipe front to back with girls and to clean the creases of skin around their legs.
  7. Gently dry the area if required before lifting your baby's legs and placing a clean diaper underneath. The half with the tabs should go under your baby's bottom, while the absorbent side should come up between their legs.
  8. If you're using barrier cream, now's the time to apply a thin layer.
  9. Fasten the nappy using the sticky tabs and adjust it for a snug fit. The nappy shouldn't be too tight and should never pinch your baby's skin.
  10. Place your baby in a safe place while you finish the clean-up operation.
  11. Put the dirty nappy and any wipes or cotton wool into your nappy disposal bin or sack and wash your hands with soap and warm water or use some hand sanitiser.

How to change a nappy during the night

Midnight nappy changing is one of the more unglamorous sides of parenting, but alas, it must be done! You may be wondering if it's ok to leave the changing until morning.

Generally, if it's just a number one and hasn't soaked through the nappy, you should be fine to not change them straight away. This depends on the baby, however. If your little one has particularly sensitive skin, it can become sore and red if sat in a wet nappy for too long. Remember - parents know best, so trust your gut instinct! 

Number twos, though? They've got to go! The longer that stuff stays in there, the higher the chances of your little one getting a rash.

Here are some of our top tips for successful nighttime nappy changes...

Prep the necessary items beforehand

Failure to prepare is preparing not to sleep! We all know how clumsy and disoriented we can feel when we've just woken up. Grogginess and nappy changing don't go well together, so you'll want to make things easier for your future tired self.

Scrambling around searching for wipes or clean sleepsuits can cause your baby to stir and get upset. They want that slumber as much as you do!

Set everything out for yourself in an easy-to-reach spot each night to avoid a tired-fuelled tantrum. You'll both be back on your way to dreamland in no time.

Use dedicated nighttime nappies

Because they do what they say on the tin! Typically designed to be worn for up to 12 hours at a time, nighttime nappies are extra-large, extra absorbent, and extra friendly to exhausted parents!

These nappies are normally made of blanket-like material and promote airflow, making them super comfortable for extended wear. Their high absorbency not only reduces the urgency to change your baby but also helps keep the nappy rash at bay.

Your baby probably won't even notice when they've gone number one. That means, less crying and more sleep for the parents - hallelujah.  

Keep the lights low

This is perhaps the trickiest tip on the list, but believe us, it's the one that will make the biggest difference.

Your baby's little eyes are super sensitive to light, especially when they've been sleeping in the dark for hours, so keeping the room dark while you're changing them will mean you can both get back to sleep quickly. If you really need to, you can use a soft nightlight to help you see what you're doing. Our Penguin Night Light is the perfect (and super handy) addition to your nursery.

Use a wipe warmer 

If there's one thing babies hate, it's a cold wipe, and we can't blame them! A wipe warmer is a great investment that'll make changing time much more pleasant for your baby.

This simple, yet genius little tool makes those wipes feel soothingly warm against your baby's skin. They might even start to enjoy having their nappy changed! If you're brave enough to try and change your baby without waking them up (good luck!), a wipe warmer will give you your best chances of success.

What to do with a dirty nappy after changing

Disposable nappies

When they're all changed and it's time to dispose of your little one's dirty nappy, a nappy bin and sacks can help to trap in any nasty smells and keep mess to a minimum. Remember that babies can suffocate or choke on plastic nappy sacks, so store them in a safe place that's well out of reach.

If you don't have a dedicated nappy bin, you can roll and bag the soiled nappy, tie the handles of the bag firmly, and put it in your outdoor bin as soon as possible.

Reusable nappies

If you're using reusable cloth nappies, you'll need a liner, cover and somewhere to store them - like a wet bag - before they're cleaned in the washing machine.

When using reusable nappies, follow these steps...

  1. Once you've changed your baby, dispose of solids from the nappy down the toilet.
  2. Dispose of the used disposable liner in the bin, don't flush it. If you're using washable liners, add these to your wet bag to be washed with the nappies.
  3. When it's time to wash them, used nappies should first go on a cold rinse cycle without detergent.
  4. After the cold rinse, the nappies should be washed again on a non-eco cotton wash. A 60°C wash is recommended for babies aged between three and six months. Once they're over six months, you can wash lightly soiled nappies at 40°C, and heavily soiled ones at 60°C. Don't use fabric softener, bleach, or harsh stain removers as these products can affect absorbency and damage your reusable nappies.
  5. Once they're clean, you should air-dry your reusable nappies if possible, and keep them away from direct heat.

If you're unsure of how to clean them, it's best to follow the care label on your chosen brand of reusable nappy.