Top Tips for Writing a Birth Plan

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Published On
22 Feb, 2021
Read Time
10 minutes

As you get closer and closer to the big day, you'll want to start thinking about how you want your birth experience to play out and ultimately how to write your birth plan. From info about your birth partner to pain relief options, you'll need to gather your thoughts and note down any preferences you might have, so everyone involved is on the same page.

For first-time parents, this can be a little daunting and can feel a little like a test - but don't worry, we're here to guide you through it and hopefully make the birth plan planning a little easier. 

What is a birth plan and should I have one?

A birth plan is a record of what you want to happen during your labor and delivery. This can include virtually anything you want the healthcare professionals delivering your baby to know. If you've received advice from your maternity team that you want to stick with during your birth, you'll want to add that to your birth plan. If you have specific preferences about the position you'd prefer for labor, write that down.   

It's a good idea to refer to your health insurance and check what your plan will or won't cover when it comes to birth.

Remember, everyone will have their own unique birth plans. Sure, take advice, but make sure that YOUR personal preferences that fit your circumstances are included in your plan. It's all about you and your little one after all!

What to put into a birth plan?

First things first, it's important to include your name, the names of anyone in your medical care team, and your contact information.

Aside from that, there's a lot that you can include in your birth plan to help your delivery team know what you're after during your delivery. Depending on your specifics, like whether you want a home birth, a more holistic birth, or if you'd like a water birth or you want to explore hypnobirthing - you'll need to detail your ideal environment and other conditions you require when you go into labor. 

It's important to remember to be flexible, though. Your delivery team will try and follow your birth plan as much as they can but ultimately, they'll do what's best for you and the baby in the moment. You're allowed to change your mind whenever you want and so are the healthcare professionals. Remember, everyone has your best interest in mind.

Options for giving birth

The first thing you'll want to include in your birth plan is where you intend on giving birth. Depending on what's available in your area, you can give birth:

  • at home
  • in a midwifery unit
  • in a maternity team unit in the hospital

Your midwife will probably explain your best options and outline the benefits of each, but the decision is yours. You might find it helpful to get some advice from the pros (aka your mom friends). Most hospitals and maternity units offer tours - go and have a look around. And you can always change your mind about where you'd like to give birth - things don't always go to plan in labor and your main concerns might change in the moment, which is totally fine.

C-section birth plan

If you're having a planned C-section, you should include as much information about this as possible in your birth plan. It's a good idea to think about:

  • who you want to take with you - if your caesarean section is carried out under local anaesthetic and you're awake, your partner or companion can sit with you if you'd like them to
  • what music you'd like to play during the birth (if any)
  • if you want a screen up during the procedure

Choosing a birth partner 

Having a birth partner offers way more benefits than just having someone to yell at while you're pushing. It's actually been shown to reduce the need for pain relief while in labor - suppose having someone there to hold your hand is its own pain relief of sorts. But you'll need to provide some information about your birth partner in your birth plan. 

You need to outline who they are and where you're comfortable with them being while you're in labor. For example, would you want your birth partner with you if you need a C-section? Or, if you require a forceps or vacuum delivery? All this needs to be outlined in your birth plan. 


During labor, delivery, and the postpartum period, some people decide to have a doula present to advocate for them and provide emotional support.

A doula is a trained professional who offers non-medical support throughout the birthing process. They can help with pain management techniques, provide reassurance, and act as a liaison between the birthing person and medical staff.

When selecting a doula, it's important to have an initial consultation to discuss expectations and preferences. You can also decide how involved they will be in the lead-up to the birth and in the birthing room. Remember to communicate any specific needs or preferences, such as those regarding religion or language, with your doula to ensure a positive and supportive birthing experience.

If you've decided that you'd like to have the support of a doula, be sure to note this down in your birth plan.

Choosing your preferred pain relief 

This is probably the one that requires the most research. You can try breathing and relaxation tactics, massage and maybe being in warm water to relieve some of the pressure. 

Other than that, you'd have to think about any other pain relief methods you might like to try to assist with delivery and consider whether these are included in your health insurance plan. This can include:

  • gas and air
  • epidural
  • TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation)
  • pain relieving injections

At this stage, it's also worth including if you'd like to try and use hypnobirthing techniques. Helping ease anxiety and stress with hypnobirthing can be an effective and natural form of pain management and one that more and more mums-to-be are opting for.

When should I write my birth plan?

If you're a super organized person who likes to think ahead, you'll probably be thinking about getting your birth plan sorted as soon as you can. But we'd wait until at least your second trimester to start thinking about how you'd like the birth to go down. There is an awful lot to bear in mind, though, so you should leave yourself several weeks to ensure you know what you want. 

We would aim to have your birth plan completed by around the 30-35 week mark, that way if your little one decides to show themselves a little early, you already have your plan ready to go. It's good to bear in mind that, if you do have an early birth, your birth plan will likely have to adapt to the needs of your little one. 

Position to give birth in

Think about what position you'd prefer throughout your labor and during birth. This can depend on how active you'd like to be up until the birth - will you be standing and walking around when they're almost here, or are you more of a relaxer? Here are some popular ones that might appeal to you:

  • Squatting: this is a great one for the late stages of labor. Squatting tilts the uterus forward, which is perfect for delivery, and relieves some of the pressure from your back.
  • All fours: great for getting a little massage from your birth partner! This position also opens the pelvis and lets gravity do its part.
  • Sitting: upright on the edge of the bed or using a birthing stool is another great way to let gravity help you out a little. Plus, between contractions, you can always lie back and have a little rest before the next big push.

Plus loads more! You can lie on your side, lie down in bed or kneel against some pillows - whatever you think will be most comfortable for you. 

Additional birthing equipment options 

There are some great tools and gadgets that can help a lot during labor. Sometimes maternity units and hospitals can provide you with the equipment you'd like, but in other circumstances, you'd have to provide your birthing equipment yourself. This is something that your midwife will be able to advise you on. Some great birthing tools that you might consider are:

  • Birthing pool: A birthing pool is a large tub of warm water that's used during labor and childbirth. Giving birth in warm water is a popular option for many people because it can help you relax, helps increase blood flow and reduce pain, which can help labor progress more smoothly. Many hospitals and birthing centers have birthing pools available for you to use during labor, but it's important to check with your healthcare provider beforehand to see if it's a safe option for you and your baby, and if you do decide that you'd like to use a birthing pool, make sure to talk about this in your birth plan.
  • Birthing bar: This can be added to most labor beds and helps to support you whilst squatting or leaning during birth. 
  • Beanbags: A birthing beanbag is designed to keep you in the most comfortable position possible while in labor so it might be a good addition to take along with you. 
  • Birthing ball: These are incredible for relieving back pain, our advice would be to just get one now and enjoy it while you're waiting. You'll want to include in your birth plan whether you will provide the equipment or if you're just hoping for the hospital to have some spares to hand. There are often balls and other equipment floating around the hospital but it might be a good idea to bring your own if you're counting on it. 
  • Music: Music can really change your mood, and a lot of people choose to play music while in labor to help them feel relaxed, energized, or motivated at different stages of labor. It's a good idea to check if your hospital or maternity ward allows music and see if they provide speakers or if you need to bring your own. If you think you'd like to soundtrack your baby's birth, why not create a playlist, and talk about the fact that you'd like to listen to your chosen tunes in your birth plan.

Additional requirements

If you have any unique needs or preferences, it's important to make note of these in your birth plan. Examples of these important additional requirements include:

  • accessibility requirements (such as room for your wheelchair in the birthing suite or lighting that lets you see better)
  • requiring a translator or a sign language interpreter
  • certain religious practices that need to be followed

Once the baby arrives

Now that we've covered what you need to think about when writing the delivery-specific part of your birth plan, let's run through any information you should include about what you'd like to happen once your baby's been born.

  • Whether you'd like skin-to-skin contact with one or both parents.
  • Delayed cord clamping: Your baby's cord should not be clamped and cut until at least one to five minutes after you give birth. This should always be practiced, but it's a good idea to include this in your birth plan.
  • Your preferences for baby's first feed.
  • Taking photos: Will you want photographs or not?
  • Visits: Will you want people to visit straight away, or want some time just for you? Which family members should visit first?

Delivering your placenta

The placenta is delivered after your baby is born. This is known as the third stage of labor, and there are two options for delivering the placenta - active management and physiological management.

Active management involves an injection of a medication known as oxytocin in your thigh. The purpose of this injection is to stimulate contractions in your uterus, which helps to detach the placenta from the uterine wall. Typically, the placenta is delivered within half an hour of receiving the injection.

Physiological management means that you won't be given any drugs to help you deliver your placenta.

It's a good idea to research these two options and include your preference in your birth plan.

What to do with the placenta

There are a range of things you can do with the placenta after you've given birth and it's important to decide what you'd like to do and include it as part of your birth plan.

Eat it

In recent years, the practice of "placentophagy," or consuming the placenta has gained popularity, but the truth is, opinions about this practice remain divided.

Some people claim that eating the placenta:

  • boosts energy levels
  • improves breast milk quality
  • helps with hormonal balance
  • reduces the risk of postnatal depression and post-delivery pain
  • promotes skin elasticity
  • replenishes iron stores
  • aids in baby bonding

But despite these claimed benefits, studies have found no data to back them up.

Donate it for medical purposes

Your placenta is full of valuable stem cells and can be donated. Click here to learn more.

Bank it

If you're not sure what you'd like to do with your placenta just yet, but you know that you don't want to discard it, that's ok! You can bank it. Click here to learn more.

Placenta salve

You can make a balm using your placenta and organic beeswax, coconut oil, and essential oils, and apply this to sore or cracked nipples caused by breastfeeding.

Bury it

Some parents decide to bury their placenta in the garden and plant a tree or shrub on top of it as a way of commemorating their baby's birth. To do this, dig down at least 12 inches and remember to add a layer of soil between the placenta and the roots of the plant.

Take a close look (and feel)

Some parents like to pop on some gloves and have a feel of their placenta. It's an amazing organ and is worth admiring!

Dispose of it

If you're not particularly interested in your placenta and don't want to try any of the above ideas, no stress! You're not obliged to do anything with it and you can simply let the hospital, birth center of midwives dispose of it.

What to do if your birth plan doesn't go to plan

It's important to remember that if your birth doesn't happen the way you imagined (for whatever reason) it's not your fault and is often entirely out of your hands.

Birth plans can be useful in helping you to think through your preferences but should always be held lightly.

Equally if your birth plan is to have no plan and just go with the flow, that's absolutely fine, too!