There are many different benefits to baby massage, including soothing, encouraging sleep, and helping with bonding.
Most adults find getting a massage relaxing, and babies are no different! To help you learn how to massage your baby, let's run through some key points and top tips.
What is a baby massage?
Baby massage has been practised by many cultures for thousands of years. But it was first commonly introduced to neonatal wards in Western countries around 30 years ago to support the development of premature babies.
It’s a calming and reassuring process that involves rhythmic and gentle stroking of your baby’s body, including key pressure points such as their fingers, wrists, and ankles. You can use your hands and an appropriate oil or lotion that’s baby-safe.
The benefits of baby massage
Massage can be an enjoyable experience for both you and your little one. It’s a great way to bond, and there are lots of other benefits that come with it. These include…
Touch is an important sense for bonding, and it can help to create a deep emotional connection between baby and parent. In the early days, massaging your baby can also help you to become more confident when handling and caring for them, and it gives you a chance to learn more about their body language and behaviour.
Relaxation and communication
Touch during a relaxing massage releases oxytocin – the love hormone – for both you and your baby. So, when you massage them, you’ll feel calmer and happier too! It also provides a lovely opportunity for you to have uninterrupted eye-to-eye contact and practice copying and turn-taking – which are key to help little ones learn conversation skills from an early age.
Relieving gas, aiding digestion, and soothing teething pains
Some parents start massaging their baby when they need relief from trapped gas. A soothing body massage has lots of gastrointestinal benefits, including providing relief from wind, colic, constipation and teething discomfort.
Positive touch during massage can assist in lymphatic flow, which can help fight off infections and boost their immune system.
Improving circulation and physical strength
Baby massage can improve a little one’s blood circulation and aid their physical development. It’s also a good way to ease and prevent muscular cramps that can occur from time to time before they’re able to crawl and walk independently.
When to start baby massage?
Most little ones can enjoy the many benefits – both physical and mental – of nurturing touch from birth. Parents should start gently, though, and evolve their massage technique as their baby grows and develops.
From birth, you can practice softly stroking their legs, arms, back and chest with the pads of your fingers. You should avoid massaging their belly for the first few weeks so that you don’t interfere with their umbilical stump if it’s yet to fall off.
From around six weeks of age, your baby will be settled into a routine and will be able to enjoy a more structured massage at home.
At what age should you stop baby massage?
The truth is there’s no age limit to baby massages. You can continue giving them as long as you both want to.
Most parents give less frequent massages from their baby’s first year when they’re more active and able to wriggle around more freely. They typically stop altogether by the time their child is around five or six years old. When you choose to stop is up to you, and down to your routine and how comfortable your child is with massage.
What oil to use for a baby massage
Using baby oil or cream can help your hands to glide easier during your baby’s massage and can make the experience even more relaxing. It’s worth noting though that a baby’s skin is especially delicate during the first month after birth. That’s why it’s recommended that oils and lotions are avoided altogether at first.
Once they’re over one month old, you can use a baby-specific lotion or cold-pressed oil from a pharmacy, or use a pure, non-scented natural oil such as grapeseed. Baby-safe, petroleum-based ointments can also be used during a baby massage if your little one has dry skin or a condition like dermatitis and eczema.
Scented oils or lotions and those made from nuts, such as peanuts, should be avoided. Also, olive or mustard oils are not recommended for baby massage.
How to do a baby massage
There’s no one-size-fits-all guide when it comes to baby massage. There are lots of different techniques out there, but the following steps can help you get started…
- First things first, you should never use any grownup massage techniques or apply increased pressure on any part of your baby's body.
- It’s a good idea to massage your baby in between feeds when they’re not too hungry or too full. Try to choose a time when they’re content and settled.
- Make your surroundings as calm and cosy as possible. Try to block any draughts and get rid of any background distractions.
- Lay your baby gently in front of you on a clean, dry towel or their changing mat. Gently undress them (you can either leave their nappy on or take it off) and signal to them that you’re going to massage them by asking for permission – “can I give you a nice massage?”.
- To begin the massage, you can use one fixed gentle move – such as softly massaging the bottom of their feet or gently rubbing their ears. This communicates to your baby that it’s time for a massage. If your little one seems comfortable and maintains eye contact, you’re good to go!
- If they seem uncomfortable or unhappy, stop the massage and pick them up for a snuggly cuddle instead.
- Singing or chatting to your baby about the stages of their massage as you go helps them to feel safe. It can also support their language development and understanding of their body and how it moves.
- Begin massaging their feet by gently applying light pressure on their heels and tiny toes.
- Then, gently stroke up and down from the baby's ankles, towards their knees, and then slowly move to their thighs and back to their ankles again.
- Next, it’s time for the arms. Here, you can repeat the same short gentle strokes, then transition to longer strokes. Try drawing small circles and gently massaging their palms, wrists, and fingers.
- If your baby’s umbilical stump has fallen off, you can move on to gently caressing their tummy, but keep in mind that their belly is the most sensitive part of their body. To massage their stomach, begin at the bottom of their chest, and draw a clockwise, semi-circular shape with your palms without applying pressure.
- If you’d like to massage your baby’s face, you can do so by very gently massaging their cheeks with your thumbs in a clockwise, circular motion. Then, move on to their forehead, starting at the centre of their forehead and moving outwards, while gently stroking the outline of their face with your finger.
- After around 15 to 30 minutes, you and your little one will hopefully be thoroughly relaxed!
Baby massage safety
To make sure your baby’s massage stays a safe and enjoyable experience, be sure to follow these tips…
- Never leave your baby unattended at any time during the massage.
- Patch test your chosen oil or lotion on your baby before you use it for the first time. You can do this by dabbing a small amount on their skin before you get started and wait for around half an hour to make sure they’re not allergic to it.
- Don’t put pressure on your baby’s joints while you massage them, and never apply pressure to their spine.
- Remove any jewellery from your hands or wrists before starting the massage.
- Make sure your nails are smooth and that your hands are clean.
If your little one becomes upset or falls asleep during a massage, stop massaging them. If you’re looking for support around baby massage, there are classes and workshops led by qualified instructors that can help guide you and build your confidence. Ask your GP, midwife, or health visitor about classes in your local area.